The “Conference of the Birds” is a 12th-century Sufi poem by Attar
Attar of Nishapur
Abū Ḥamīd bin Abū Bakr Ibrāhīm, better known by his pen-names Farīd ud-Dīn and ʿAṭṭār, was a twelfth-century Persian poet, theoretician of Sufism, and hagiographer from Nishapur who had an immense and lasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism. Manṭiq-uṭ-Ṭayr and Ilāhī-Nām…
of Nishapur, that is a timeless parable of the mystical quest for the Truth. It features the hoopoe, a spiritual guide figure, leading the birds on a perilous search for their King, the mythical Simorgh
Simurgh, also spelled simorgh, simorg, simurg, simoorg, simorq or simourv, is a benevolent, mythical bird in Iranian mythology and literature. It is sometimes equated with other mythological birds such as a “phoenix”. Persian humā. The figure can be found in all periods of Iranian art an…
What is the Conference of the birds?
The Conference of the Birds is a new oratorio based on Sufi mystic poet Attar’s seminal text about the journey of the soul as it seeks union with the Divine. It is composed by Fahad Siadat with a libretto by Sholeh Wolpé and directed/choreographed by André Megerdichian.
What is the best study guide for Conference of the birds?
Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Study Guide of “The Conference of the Birds” by Farid ud-Din Attar. A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics.
Who wrote the play Conference of the birds?
Peter Brook and Jean-Claude Carrière adapted the poem into a play titled La Conférence des oiseaux ( The Conference of the Birds ), which they published in 1979. Brook toured the play around rural Africa before presenting two extremely successful productions to Western audiences—one in New York City at La MaMa E.T.C. and one in Paris.
What is the meaning of The Conference of the Birds?
In Farīd al-Dīn ʿAṭṭār. …the well-known Manṭeq al-ṭayr (The Conference of the Birds). This is an allegorical poem describing the quest of the birds (i.e., Sufis) for the mythical Sīmorgh, or Phoenix, whom they wish to make their king (i.e., God). In the final scene the birds that have survived the journey approach…
What birds are in The Conference of the Birds?
Enter The StoryThe Hoopoe Tells the Birds About Their King, the Simorgh.The Nightingale.The Parrot.The Peacock.The Partridge.The Duck.The Homa.The Hawk.More items…
What religion is Conference of the Birds?
Attar’s death, as with his life, is subject to speculation. He is known to have lived and died a violent death in the massacre inflicted by Genghis Khan and the Mongol army on the city of Nishapur in 1221, when he was seventy years old….The Conference of the BirdsSubject(s)Persian mythology, Sufism6 more rows
What are the seven valleys in Conference of the Birds?
The Valleys of Quest, Love, Understanding, Independence and Detachment, Unity, Astonishment and Bewilderment, and Deprivation and Death that occur in Mantiq al-Tayr (The Conference of the Birds) are basically accepted through interpretation as the stages of human desires along with the characteristics that are required …
What happened in the Conference of the Birds?
The Conference of the Birds continues the series Miss Peregrine’s Peculiar Children, as Jacob Portman tries to follow through on a mission given to him by his dying grandfather. He must help fulfill a prophecy, or certain doom will befall both the normal and peculiar worlds.
What happens at the end of Conference of the Birds Attar?
At the end of the birds’ quest, they are given the story of Joseph to read and see there all of their own hidden sins. They are too ashamed to speak, but this helps elevate their minds so they can see the truth.
Who is the Traslator of the story birds?
Sholeh Wolpé’s translation of Attar’s The Conference of the Birds was published in March 2017 by W. W. Norton & Co. Sholeh will be discussing the book this Thursday, April 6 at Poets House in NYC.
How does the hoopoe describe the simurgh?
The hoopoe suggests that they seek the legendary Simurgh, a magnificent bird somewhat comparable to the phoenix of Greek mythology. (The word “simurgh” probably referred, in the most ancient forms of Persian, to an eagle or some other kind of raptor.)
Where does The Conference of the Birds take place?
eastern Iran’MANTIQ – UT – TAYR’ (Conference of the Birds) is a Persian poem by Sufi poet Farid-ud-din Attar. Composed in the twelfth century in north-eastern Iran, this poem is among his most loved works, and a significant contribution to Persian literature.
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What is the conference of the birds about?
Considered widely as a masterpiece of Persian literature, Farid ud-Din Attar’s epic poem, The Conference of the Birds, tells the story of thirty birds on a journey to find their ideal Sovereign, the Great Simorgh, the mythical bird that dwells on Mount Qaf, a legendary mountain that encompasses the earth. First published in 1077 CE and consisting of more than 4,500 lines, the central concern of the poem is Sufism, a mystical doctrine of Islam. Muslim practitioners of Sufism seek to find the truth of divine love and knowledge through direct personal experience with God. The hoopoe, known as the wisest and most enlightened bird, leads the group on their journey through the seven valleys to meet their leader. The relationship between the hoopoe and the other birds is an extended allegory of a Sufi sheikh’s guidance of his religious pupils along the path to enlightenment. Similarly, the obstacles encountered by the birds on their journey through the Seven Valleys allegorically describes the stages encountered by the Sufi’s Way to the true way of God. Eventually, the birds reach the court of the Simorgh and attain enlightenment, but the Great Simorgh is not the mythical bird they expected to find.
What is a supersummary of the conference of the birds?
A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics.
Why do the birds gather at the summit?
The Conference of the Birds begins with the birds of the world gathering at a summit in order to seek a king. They turn to the wise hoopoe for guidance, who tells them that they should acknowledge the Great Simorgh as their king, but that the journey to his court is long and perilous, and filled with trials and tests.
What is the wisest bird in the world?
The hoopoe, known as the wisest and most enlightened bird, leads the group on their journey through the seven valleys to meet their leader. The relationship between the hoopoe and the other birds is an extended allegory of a Sufi sheikh’s guidance of his religious pupils along the path to enlightenment. Similarly, the obstacles encountered by the …
How many birds are left in the Valley of Poverty and Nothingness?
Many birds perish along the journey, and by the end only thirty birds remain.
Where do the birds go in the book of the Valley of Love?
From there, they reach the Valley of Insight into Mystery, where the birds must accept the uselessness of worldly knowledge and open their minds to a new way of thinking.
Where does the hoopoe guide the Simorgh?
The hoopoe guides them to a lake, where they see the Simorgh in their own reflections. The Great Simorgh, and the divine leadership they were seeking, was within them all along, as the name Simorgh, meaning thirty ( si) birds (morgh) attests.
What are the birds in the poem “The Birds Attend a Conference”?
Attending birds include the Hoopoe, the Finch, the Parrot, the Partridge, the Falcon, the Francolin, the Nightingale, the Peacock, the Cock pheasant, the Pigeon, the Turtle-Dove, the Hawk, and the Goldfinch.
What are the human flaws in the Conference of the Birds?
As the birds are introduced, you realise that each one of them represents a human flaw that prevents us from attaining ‘enlightenment’. These include false notions, attachment, greed, pride, etc. When the Hoopoe urges them to travel the distance, …
What is the Nightingale’s warning?
The Nightingale is warned of superficial and delusive love, the parrot of false immortality, the duck of frivolous attachments, the Heron of misguided longing and so on. “The Concourse of the Birds”, Folio 11r from a Mantiq al-tair (Language of the Birds) ca. 1600. Painting by Habiballah of Sava | The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
What does the Hoopoe narrate?
The Hoopoe continues to narrate anecdotes at every stage. While crossing the Valley of Detachment, the Hoopoe narrates a beautiful story about the moth & flame. A moth that has come close to the candle light, can share his experience with others; one that has drawn close enough to the heat of the candle too, can tell its story. It is however the moth, that has embraced the flame of the Candle, intoxicated by love – one that unites with the flame – that can never live to tell the tale.
What does the Peacock wish to do instead of finding the Simurgh?
The Peacock, proud of it’s external beauty wishes to return to paradise (from where he was banished) instead of finding the Simurgh. The Partridge is attached to earthly treasures & jewels and must refrain from flying to protect these. The duck is too attached to the water; where it keeps performing ablations.
When was the Hoopoe in the Jahangir period?
The Hoopoe, ca. 1610. Jahangir Period | Chazen Museum of Art. And so began the conference. The Hoopoe (King Solomon’s favoured bird) steps up and recommends that the birds embark on a journey to meet ‘the Simurgh’. The Simurgh, claims the Hoopoe, is the ‘King’ they all seek.
Who was the leader of the pilgrim birds in the poem “You will be our guide”?
To carry secret messages between. His court and distant Sheba’s lovely queen. He knew your language and you knew his heart. The Hoopoe plays a central role in the poem – as a ‘spiritual guide’ and leader of the pilgrim-birds. The Hoopoe, ca. 1610.
What is the conference of the birds about?
The Conference of the Birds is an allegorical poem about our human struggle, both physical and spiritual. By: 12th century Iranian Sufi mystic Attar. English translation: Sholeh Wolpé. We are the birds in the story. All of us have our own ideas and ideals, our own fears and anxieties, as we hold on to our own version of the truth.
What is the ocean Attar calls?
Those who are trapped within their own dogma, clinging to hardened beliefs or faith, are deprived of the journey toward the unfathomable Divine, which Attar calls the Great Ocean . — Sholeh Wolpé (from her introduction to The Conference of the Birds, published by W. W. Norton & Co)