Did the all parties hurriyat conference have an independent currency

When did the all parties Hurriyat Conference decide to advance its meeting?

August 31, 2002: The All Parties Hurriyat Conference (APHC), decided to advance the date of the executive committee meeting to September 1. The forthcoming Jammu and Kashmir Assembly elections would reportedly be discussed at the meeting.

Does the Hurriyat Conference have any support in Kashmir?

But The Hurriyat Conference being an alliance of 26 organisations, must definitely enjoy some sort of support from the people of kashmir The Hurriyat Conference started out as an organisational alliance of political parties and religious organisations in kashmir aiming at self-determination.

What is the difference between National Conference and Hurriyat?

From 1993 until 1996, the Hurriyat was the dominant political force in Kashmir with mainstream political leaders having withdrawn. While the National Conference returned to the political scene during the 1996 Assembly elections, the Hurriyat stayed afloat with backing from Pakistan.

Who are the current members of the Hurriyat Conference?

Current members All Parties Hurriyat Conference include: Hurriyat Conference has three factions: Hurriyat led by Syed Ali Shah Geelani, Hurriyat led by Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, Hurriyat led by Shabir Shah, Azam Inquilabi & Nayeem Khan. Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front is not part of these factions.


What happened Hurriyat Conference?

The Hurriyat Conference again split in 2014. The moderate Hurriyat Conference led by Mirwaiz Umar Farooq faced the split after four senior leaders raised a banner of revolt against the chairman and other members of the conglomerate.


Who is the leader of Hurriyat Conference?

Syed Ali Shah GeelaniGeelani in 2009Chairman of All Parties Hurriyat ConferenceIn office 1993–20202003–2020Geelani faction17 more rows


How did insurgency start in Kashmir?

In July 1988, a series of demonstrations, strikes, and attacks on the Indian government effectively marked the beginning of the insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir, which escalated into the most severe security issue in India during the 1990s.


Is Jammu and Kashmir is a state of India?

Jammu and Kashmir is a region administered by India as a union territory and consisting of the southern portion of the larger Kashmir region, which has been the subject of a dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947, and between India and China since 1962.


Who killed Kashmiri Pandits?

2003 Nadimarg massacre was the killing of 24 Kashmiri Pandits in the village of Nadimarg in Pulwama District of Jammu and Kashmir by Lashkar-e-Taiba terrorists on 23 March 2003.


Why is October 27th Black Day in Kashmir?

The videos depicting Indian atrocities and brutal acts of the Indian occupying forces were also shown. The 27th of October is observed the world over as ‘Black Day’ as 74 years ago, on this day, India without any legal justification, forcibly took control of the State of Jammu and Kashmir.


What is Naga insurgency?

The Naga insurgency, climaxing in 1956, was an armed ethnic conflict led by the Naga National Council (NNC) which aimed for the secession of Naga territories from India. The more radical sectors of NNC created the Federal Government of Nagaland (FGN) which also included an underground Naga Army.


Who owned Kashmir originally?

Ever since its annexation by the Mughal empire in 1589 AD, Kashmir has never been ruled by Kashmiris themselves. After the Mughals, the region was ruled by the Afghans (1753-1819), Sikhs (1819-46), and the Dogras (1846-1947) until the Indian and Pakistani states took over.


Where is Bitta Karate now?

Farooq Ahmad Dar alias Bitta Karate was an active terrorist in the nineties and had admitted to the killing of many Kashmiri Pandits then in Jammu and Kashmir. Bitta Karate is currently lodged in jail.


What is the capital of Kashmir?

Srinagar, city, summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir union territory (Jammu is the winter capital), northern India, situated in the Kashmir region of the Indian subcontinent. The city lies along the banks of the Jhelum River at an elevation of 5,200 feet (1,600 metres) in the Vale of Kashmir.


Which state is removed from India?

The BJP and its allies won a landslide majority in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament. On 5 August 2019, India issued a Presidential order superseding the 1954 order that made all the provisions of the Indian constitution applicable to Jammu and Kashmir.


Which is the national bird of J&K?

Kaleej PheasantOn 21st October 2021, the government of Jammu & Kashmir declared Kaleej Pheasant as its UT bird. Prior to the bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir into two separate union territories (UTs), the Black Necked Crane had been the state bird.


Who is the leader of the Hurriyat Conference?

There are currently two factions of the Hurriyat Conference led by Mirwaiz (a hereditary title of one of Kashmir’s important religious seats, and also head priest of the Jamia Masjid in Srinagar) Umar Farooq and Syed Ali Shah Geelani.


What is the name of the faction of the Hurriyat?

Since then, Geelani has formed his own faction of the Hurriyat called the Tehreek-e-Hurriyat Jammu and Kashmir.


What is the APHC?

(Version as adopted in March 1993) The Constitution of the APHC says: “The APHC shall be a union of political, social, and religious parties of the state of Jammu and Kashmir with its head office in Srinagar.”. It spells the objectives of the conglomerate as:


Why was the Hurriyat formed?

It was in this context that the Hurriyat was formed as an umbrella body for all over-ground secessionist organisations. Since the international community frowned upon the resort to violence by non-state actors, the Hurriyat was an ideal platform to promote the Kashmiri secessionist cause.


How many members are in the Shoora?

A statement released by the faction said 21 members were elected to the ‘shoora’ and the Chairman was authorised to nominate four members. It also said all the 14 districts of the State were duly represented in the ‘shoora,’ the highest decision-making body of the outfit. The Geelani reportedly has 16 constituents.


When did the Hurriyat start?

The origins of the Hurriyat are traced to the 1993 phase of the Kashmir militancy. The initial euphoria of ‘armed struggle’ had subsided in the light of counter-insurgency operations launched by the Indian security forces.


How many members does the General Council have?

General Council: It had more than 23 parties and organisations as members, including traders and employee unions. While the membership of the executive council as per the constitution can not be increased, the general council can accommodate more members if deemed so or if any party or organisation seeks membership.


Why did the government reject the Hurriyat Conference?

This stand was an endorsement of the views expressed by several Hurriyat leaders, including its Chairman Abdul Ghani Bhat (who were speaking for themselves) rejecting the invitation for two reasons. First , the government had failed to permit a proposed delegation visit to Pakistan to confer with terrorist outfits based in that country and second that the invitation was open to all Kashmiri bodies, which meant that the government was not willing to endorse the amalgam’s self-assumed mandate of being the ‘sole genuine representative’ of the State’s people. The Hurriyat’s official rejection taking both points into consideration said that “We are ready to enter into a dialogue with the Centre provided we are allowed to go to Pakistan, and New Delhi accepts Hurriyat Conference as the only representative body in Jammu and Kashmir.” Stressing the second point, the statement added that the alliance “…is not ready to join the crowded train which goes nowhere’


What is the alliance of the Hurriyat Conference?

An alliance of 26 political, social and religious organisations, the All Party Hurriyat Conference (APHC) was formed on March 9, 1993 as a political front to further the cause of Kashmiri separatism. The amalgam has been consistently promoted by Pakistan in the latter’s quest to establish legitimacy over its claim on the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir. After years of cold shouldering the outfit, unconfirmed reports indicate that the Union government has opened channels of communication with the outfit. Speculation on a proposed dialogue between the two parties had begun in the aftermath of the then US President Bill Clinton’s South Asia visit in March 2000. The cease-fire declared by the Hizb-ul-Mujahideen ( HM) in August 2000, had partially buried these speculations, particularly with the alliance criticising the Hizb decision. In the aftermath of the Prime Minister’s announcement of an unilateral cease-fire on November 19, 2000 (which holds until May 2001), reports of contacts being established between the Union government and the alliance have resurfaced.


What was the proposal for the Hurriyat delegation to visit Pakistan?

A proposal floated for a Hurriyat delegation to visit Pakistan and commence talks with terrorist outfits based there was mired in politicking and consequently remains still born. Initially there was a stalemate over the composition of the delegation, with the Hurriyat demanding that all members of the alliance’s executive committee be issued visas. The Union government refused to issue any official response to this demand. On January 11, 2001, the alliance announced a five-member delegation including Syed Ali Shah Geelani. In an apparent response, Union Home Minister LK Advani was reported, on January 18, as saying, during a press interview, that that only those ‘eligible’ in the Hurriyat Conference delegation would get passports. After an initial show of unity, where the alliance said that it would not change the composition of the delegation, later statements hinted that changes in the composition of the delegation could be made. The issue has reached a point of stalemate since.


Why was the Hurriyat formed?

It was in this context that the Hurriyat was formed as an umbrella body for all over-ground secessionist organisations. Since the international community frowned upon the resort to violence by non-state actors, the Hurriyat was an ideal platform to promote the Kashmiri secessionist cause.


What happened in 2001 in Hurriyat?

The Union government in its response resorted to preventive arrests of the Hurriyat leadership. Even after officially welcoming the unilateral cease-fire and all its subsequent extensions, a Hurriyat spokesman, on March 2, 2001 described it as a cover for alleged human rights abuses by Indian security forces in the State.


When did the Hurriyat start?

The origins of the Hurriyat are traced to the 1993 phase of the Kashmir insurgency. The initial euphoria of armed struggle against Indian security forces, which surrounded terrorist violence during the late Eighties, and early Nineties had subsided in the face of counter-insurgency operations launched by Indian security forces. The Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front ( JKLF) with its pro-independence ideology had been marginalised as a terrorist outfit and replaced by a network of extremist Islamic outfits sponsored and controlled by Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI).


Who was the chairman of the Hurriyat alliance?

In 1998, when Syed Ali Shah Geelani was elected chairman of the alliance, other Hurriyat members Yasin Malik and Shabir Shah dubbed it as a Pakistani take-over. SAS Geelani, the nominee of the Jamaat-e-Islami (JeI) has publicly favoured the accession of the State with Pakistan and termed the Kashmir crisis as a religious issue rather than a political issue. The chairman of the alliance had, in early March 2001, formally requested the JeI to replace Syed Geelani with another representative, a request that was denied even as the Jamaat, declared Kashmir issue to be a political issue rather than a religious issue.


Why did the APHC split in 2003?

United States Embassy in New Delhi believes that the APHC spearheading the resistance movement in Jammu and Kashmir split in 2003 due to “proxy participation” of Abdul Gani Lone-led People’s Conference (PC) in the Legislative elections in 2002, Kashmir Dispatch reports citing a Wikileaks cable released recently. The partial extract of the original cable, which details the profile of Kashmir-related leaders, dates back to 2005. The cable while profiling Lone’s son, Sajad Gani Lone, who participated in the 2008 state elections, says, “The Hurriyat split in September 2003 on the issue of People’s Conference’s proxy participation in 2002 landmark state elections.” The three-part biographic report compiled “information academics, journalists, NGO activists and others during a 2002-2005 assignment at embassy New Delhi” and impressions gained from contact with Kashmir-related politicians, government officials, separatists. Syed Ali Shah Geelani demanded that the PC and the brothers be expelled from the APHC, but the moderates (Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, Prof Abdul Ghani Bhat, Maulvi Abbas Ansari and the Lones) resisted, whereupon Geelani took his group out of the Hurriyat, and it has remained deeply split ever since, the US cable read.


Who received hawala money?

Interrogation of the arrested persons and investigations by the intelligence agencies have revealed that Firdous Ahmed Dar, earlier arrested on August 20, was not the only conduit but nearly half a dozen persons had received hawala money and weapons through the cross-LoC route which had been supplied by Pakistani agencies. Sources said the cash received by the conduits had been distributed among the militant ‘commanders’ and the separatists according to directions received by them from across the LoC. The ‘commanders’ of Hizb-ul-Mujahideen (HM) and separatists affiliated to All Party Hurriyat Conference-Geelani (APHC-G) were major beneficiaries of the cash sent by Pakistan through the cross-LoC route. Firdous Ahmed Dar along had admitted having received INR 15 million through cross-LoC route of Uri-Muzaffarabad. Of this amount, he had distributed INR 300000 to Aiyaz Akbar, the spokesman of APHC-G and a trusted lieutenant of its chairman Syed Ali Shah Geelani, in three equal installments of INR 100000 each.


Why did Mirwaiz want to convert Ladakh to a permanent border?

The cable said the Mirwaiz wanted this “because he was concerned about his own political future”.


What was the amnesty package for the 2010 Kashmir agitation?

August 28: Chief Minister Omar Abdullah announced an amnesty package for nearly 1,200 youths arrested during 2010 summer agitation in Kashmir valley. Omar said that the amnesty is for all those booked on charges of stone pelting, except for those involved in cases of arson during the agitation. “This would be first and last chance for them as we are not going to tolerate their actions in future”, he added. “The cases of youth involved in arson would be reviewed if the situation remained normal and no unfortunate incidents are reported,” he asserted. Times of India quoted him as saying, ” (However,) the cutoff date for amnesty is today. We cannot do it again. Anyone arrested till today on stone-pelting charges can avail this amnesty.” All Party Hurriyat Conference-Geelani (APHC-G) Chairman Syed Ali Shah Geelani had earlier set a deadline of Eid-ul-Fitr for the release of all those involved in 2010 summer unrest. The Government had, earlier in the week, released 12 political prisoners, including two close aides of Geelani.


What did Syed Ali Shah Geelani say about Kashmir?

July 7: APHC-G chairman Syed Ali Shah Geelani asked the youth of Kashmir to desist from stone pelting. He said last year 120 civilians were killed in Police and Security Forces firing and “we did not achieve anything.” “If we pelt stones on Police and Security Forces it is quite natural that they would fire upon us. Although, there were injuries to Police and Security Forces personnel but there was no fatal casualty,” he added. “We cannot afford to have a situation where thousands of youth are booked under Public Safety Act (PSA) for their alleged involvement in stone pelting,” he further said. “People have failed to safeguard the sacrifices offered by the people from time to time for the resolution of Kashmir issue. Dialogue would be successful only when Government of India accepts Kashmir as a dispute,” he asserted. Geelani also said that Pakistani leaders didn’t take any initiative in 1947 that resulted in non-resolution of the issue.


What did Umar Farooq say about J&K?

July 29: The chairman of the APHC-M Umar Farooq said the mainstream political parties in J&K represent Indian Government’s view point on issue of State and there is no need of Pakistan to hold talks with them. He further said the mainstream parties can’t be representatives of the people of the State as they are in power just for their personal interests. He said that for the past three years Omar Abdullah Government is using force to “quell the genuine voice of the people.” He also condemned the External Affairs Ministry’s objections over meeting of Kashmiri separatists with Pakistani Foreign Minister Hinna Rabbani Khar.


What happened in Srinagar on August 3?

August 3: Life in Srinagar and other major towns of the Kashmir valley was affected by a strike call given by APHC-G and supported by APHC-M against the earlier reported alleged custodial killing of Nazim Rashid alias Anjum in Sopore area of Baramulla District on July 31, according to Daily Excelsior. Stray incidents of stone pelting were reported from Maisuma, Nowhatta, Gojwara, Jamia Masjid, Khanyar, Naid Kadal, Saraibal areas of Srinagar city, as well as from various parts Sopore town.

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