How did the berlin conference lead to ww1


Since the chief reason for the Berlin Conference was to organize the imperialistic colonization of Africa and since the result of the conference was increased rivalry between the participating nations over Africa’s spoils, it can be concluded that the Berlin Conference helped precipitate World War I.


How did the Berlin Conference contribute to the start of war?

In conclusion, the Berlin Conference contributed to each of the underlying causes of World War I: Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism and Nationalism. Therefore, the Berlin Conference was likewise a contributor to the start of World War I. This free website was made using Yola.

What was the outcome of the Berlin Conference?

Its outcome, the General Act of the Berlin Conference, can be seen as the formalisation of the Scramble for Africa, but some scholars of history warn against an overemphasis of its role in the colonial partitioning of Africa and draw attention to bilateral agreements concluded before and after the conference.

Who were the main dominating powers at the Berlin Conference?

The main dominating powers of the conference were France, Germany, Great Britain, and Portugal. The “General Act of the Berlin Conference” established international guidelines for the acquisition of African territory.

When was the Berlin Conference?

This article is about the conference from 1884 to 1885. For other uses, see Berlin Conference (disambiguation).


How was the Berlin Conference a cause of WW1?

The Berlin Conference created the division of Africa and created bad blood between countries. This was one of the big industrial movements before ww1 and was a big contributor to the start of WW1. The Berlin Conference made the world powers greedy and power hungry thus contributing to the start of the WW1.

What did Berlin Conference lead to?

The conference contributed to ushering in a period of heightened colonial activity by European powers, which eliminated or overrode most existing forms of African autonomy and self-governance.

What was the Berlin Conference WW1?

The Berlin conference was an effort put forth by several of these countries in order to try and ward off a war over Africa. So Action was taking similiar to when a prince chooses a princess to bring to countries together. The princess has no choice in the matter and neither did Africa.

What impact did the Berlin Conference have on the world?

It established the rules for the conquest and partition of Africa, in the process legitimising the ideas of Africa as a playground for outsiders, its mineral wealth as a resource for the outside world not for Africans and its fate as a matter not to be left to Africans.

What are two outcomes of the Berlin Conference in 1884 and 1885?

Note two outcomes of the Berlin Conference in 1884 and 1885. Agreement amongst 14 nations to divide Africa and the goal to change Africans (Assimilation).

What was the outcome of the Berlin Conference quizlet?

Conference that German chancellor Otto von Bismarck called to set rules for the partition of Africa. It led to the creation of the Congo Free State under King Leopold II of Belgium.

What happened as a result of the Berlin Conference of 1884 to 1885 quizlet?

What happened as a result of the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885? Europeans divided Africa into colonies without consulting African leaders.

What impact did the Berlin Conference have on Africa quizlet?

Europeans set boundaries that combined peoples that were enemies. How did the Berlin Conference change Africa? It did so by dividing Africa without considering the wishes of native Africans or traditional tribal boundaries. The Berlin Conference is often cited as a root cause of Africa’s twentieth century violence.

How did the Berlin Conference cause conflict and hardship throughout Africa?

How did the Berlin Conference cause conflict and hardship throughout Africa? The conference ignored existing boundaries when creating colonies, leading to territorial disputes after decolonization.

How did the Berlin Congress affect Europe?

Dominated by the German chancellor Otto von Bismarck, the congress solved an international crisis caused by the San Stefano treaty by revising the peace settlement to satisfy the interests of Great Britain (by denying Russia the means to extend its naval power and by maintaining the Ottoman Empire as a European power) …

What resulted from the Berlin Conferences of 1884 and 1885 that determined European control of Africa?

In 1884, Otto von Bismarck convened the Berlin Conference to discuss the African problem. Its outcome, the General Act of the Berlin Conference, formalized the Scramble for Africa. The diplomats in Berlin laid the rules of competition by which the great powers were to be guided in seeking colonies.

How the Berlin Conference affected Africa?

At the time of the conference, 80 percent of Africa remained under traditional and local control. What ultimately resulted was a hodgepodge of geometric boundaries that divided Africa into 50 irregular countries. This new map of the continent was superimposed over 1,000 indigenous cultures and regions of Africa.

What was the purpose of the Berlin Conference?

In 1884, at the request of Portugal, German chancellor Otto von Bismark called together the major western powers of the world to negotiate questions and end confusion over the control of Africa. Bismark appreciated the opportunity to expand Germany’s sphere of influence over Africa and hoped to force Germany’s …

How many countries were represented at the Berlin Conference?

Countries Represented at the Berlin Conference. Fourteen countries were represented by a plethora of ambassadors when the conference opened in Berlin on November 15, 1884. The countries represented at the time included Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Spain, …

Which countries did the British control?

Great Britain desired a Cape-to-Cairo collection of colonies and almost succeeded through their control of Egypt, Sudan (Anglo-Egyptian Sudan ), Uganda, Kenya (British East Africa), South Africa , and Zambia, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), and Botswana . The British also controlled Nigeria and Ghana (Gold Coast).

Who was the king of Belgium during the Berlin Conference?

Despite its neutrality, part of the Congo Basin became a personal kingdom for Belgium’s King Leopold II. Under his rule, over half of the region’s population died. At the time of the conference, only the coastal areas of Africa were colonized by the European powers. At the Berlin Conference, the European colonial powers scrambled …

Which country controlled the western part of Africa?

France took much of western Africa, from Mauritania to Chad (French West Africa), as well as Gabon and the Republic of Congo (French Equatorial Africa). Belgium and King Leopold II controlled the Democratic Republic of Congo (Belgian Congo). Portugal took Mozambique in the east and Angola in the west.

What was the Berlin West Africa Conference?

Berlin West Africa Conference, a series of negotiations (Nov. 15, 1884–Feb. 26, 1885) at Berlin, in which the major European nations met to decide all questions connected with the Congo River basin in Central Africa. The conference, proposed by Portugal in pursuance of its special claim to control of the Congo estuary, …

Why was the conference of Portugal proposed?

The conference, proposed by Portugal in pursuance of its special claim to control of the Congo estuary, was necessitated by the jealousy and suspicion with which the great European powers viewed one another’s attempts at colonial expansion in Africa.

Who was the Austrian foreign minister who convoked the Congress of Berlin?

Officially convoked by the Austrian foreign minister, Count Gyula Andrassy, the congress met in Berlin on June 13. Congress of Berlin. Congress of Berlin, illustration after an 1881 painting by Anton von Werner.

What was the name of the Treaty of Berlin?

Alternative Title: Treaty of Berlin. Congress of Berlin, (June 13–July 13, 1878), diplomatic meeting of the major European powers at which the Treaty of Berlin replaced the Treaty of San Stefano, which had been signed by Russia and Turkey (March 3, 1878) at the conclusion of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78. Officially convoked by the Austrian …

How did the Congress leave Russia humiliated?

In acting so, however, the congress left Russia humiliated by substantially reducing the gains that it had made under the San Stefano treaty. Furthermore, the congress failed to consider adequately the aspirations of the Balkan peoples themselves and, thereby, laid the foundation for future crises in the Balkans.

What is the European history?

Encyclopaedia Britannica’s editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree. … Congress of Berlin, (June 13–July 13, 1878), diplomatic meeting of the major European powers at which the Treaty …

The Berlin Conference

The Berlin Conference gathered a bunch of Europeans to plot ways to divide up Africa. It may not have been the “start” of colonialism, but it sure accelerated the process.

The Conference

The Berlin Conference took about three and a half months, from November 15, 1884 to February 26, 1885. It resulted in an act that did three things. The first was to recognize the territory that King Leopold claimed as his private property. The second was to recognize some existing territorial claims in different parts of Africa.

Menelik in the middle

One African leader who figured this out early was Menelik II, future Emperor of Ethiopia. In 1884, Menelik was not yet emperor but was an important leader of this state. He knew about the conference, although neither he nor any other African leader had been invited.

Continuity and change

How important was the Berlin Conference? To what degree did it lead to change, including the colonization of Africa? Historians and legal scholars who study this question don’t all agree on an answer. Look at the two maps below and you can see different ways to answer the question.


The Berlin Conference of 1884 was a significant event in the history of both Europe and Africa. More specifically, it centered on the events of European Imperialism in Africa (Scramble for Africa) and played an important role in European colonization of Africa.


Europeans expressed an economic interest in Africa for a long period before the start of the Age of Imperialism. With that said, early explorations only explored the coastlines of Africa and did not result in any significant European expansion into the interior of Africa.


The Berlin Conference of 1884 was called by German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck and lasted from November 15th, 1884, until February 26th, 1885. At the time, Germany was emerging as a colonial power in Africa, which caused tensions with the other major powers, such as: Britain, France and Belgium.

What was the goal of the Russian-backed alliance in the Balkan War?

The Russian-backed alliance aimed to take away even more of the Turks’ remaining territory in the Balkans. In the First Balkan War in 1912, Serbia, Greece and Montenegro defeated Ottoman forces, and forced them to agree to an armistice.

What was the history of World War 1?

But historians say that World War I actually was the culmination of a long series of events, stretching back to the late 1800s. The path to war included plenty of miscalculations and actions that turned out to have unforeseen consequences.

What was the cause of the conflagration in 1914?

The event that sparked the conflagration was the assassination of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, in 1914.

What country was annexed by Austria in 1908?

A train packed with soldiers leaves a railway station during the Bosnian annexation crisis in 1908. ullstein bild/Getty Images. Under an 1878 treaty, Austria-Hungary was governing Bosnia and Herzegovina, even though technically they were still part of the Ottoman Empire.

Why did the Germans send a cruiser to anchor in the Moroccan coast?

In the Second Moroccan Crisis in 1911, the German foreign secretary, Alfred von Kiderlen- Wächter, sent a naval cruiser to anchor in a harbor on the Moroccan coast, in reaction to a tribal revolt that the Germans thought was being backed by France as a pretext for seizing the country.

What was the purpose of the Russo-Japanese War?

The Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905) Russia’s Czar Nicholas II wanted to obtain a port that gave his navy and commercial ships access to the Pacific, and he set his sites on Korea. The Japanese saw Russia’s rising aggressiveness as a menace, and launched a surprise attack on Nicholas’ fleet at Port Arthur in China.

Why did Italy invade Libya in 1911?

The Italian government declared war on Turkey in 1911 because it had refused to permit the military occupation of Tripoli by Italy. Italian troops are seen here landing after the bombardment of Benghazi. Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group/Getty Images.


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