How did the yalta conference lead to the cold war

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The Yalta Conference

Yalta Conference

The Yalta Conference, also known as the Crimea Conference and code-named the Argonaut Conference, held from February 4 to the 11th 1945, was the World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union for the purpose o…

helped lead to the Cold War by giving the Soviet Union control over Eastern Europe

Eastern Europe

Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent. There is no consistent definition of the precise area it covers, partly because the term has a wide range of geopolitical, geographical, cultural, and socioeconomic connotations. There are “almost as many definitions of Eastern Europe a…

. At the conference, the Soviet Union was given the right to control Eastern Europe. They were supposed to allow free elections in the countries of the area, but they were given control.

While a number of important agreements were reached at the conference, tensions over European issues—particularly the fate of Poland—foreshadowed the crumbling of the Grand Alliance that had developed between the United States

the United States
The Americans in the Thirteen Colonies formed independent states that defeated the British in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), gaining independence from the British Crown, establishing the constitution that created the United States of America, the first modern constitutional liberal democracy.
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, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union during World War II and hinted at the Cold War to come.

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Answer

What was decided in Yalta Conference?

The Yalta Conference decided that Germany would undergo demilitarization and denazification following the war, and the territory would be split into four occupied zones between the Soviet Union …

What was the goal of the Yalta Conference?

What was the goal of the Yalta Conference? The conference was held near Yalta in Crimea, Soviet Union, within the Livadia, Yusupov, and Vorontsov Palaces. The aim of the conference was to shape a post-war peace that represented not just a collective security order but a plan to give self-determination to the liberated peoples of post-Nazi Europe.

What were the main problems at the Yalta Conference?

What are the main causes of Second World War?

  • The Failure of Peace Efforts.
  • The Rise of Fascism.
  • Formation of the Axis Coalition.
  • German Aggression in Europe.
  • The Worldwide Great Depression.
  • Mukden Incident and the Invasion of Manchuria (1931)
  • Japan invades China (1937)
  • Pearl Harbor and Simultaneous Invasions (early December 1941)

What caused the Yalta Conference to happen?

The war in Europe was nearly over and the purpose of the Yalta Conference was to discuss the unconditional surrender and occupation of Nazi Germany, the defeat of Japan and peace plans for the post war world.

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How did the Yalta Conference contribute to the Cold War quizlet?

Terms in this set (7) The Yalta Conference divided Germany into 4 military zones and Berlin into 4 military zones. Stalin broke the agreement to have free elections in Eastern Europe and that created more tension.


What did the Yalta Conference lead to?

At Yalta, the Big Three agreed that after Germany’s unconditional surrender, it would be divided into four post-war occupation zones, controlled by U.S., British, French and Soviet military forces. The city of Berlin would also be divided into similar occupation zones.


What caused the Cold War?

Historians have identified several causes that led to the outbreak of the Cold War, including: tensions between the two nations at the end of World War II, the ideological conflict between both the United States and the Soviet Union, the emergence of nuclear weapons, and the fear of communism in the United States.


What were 3 major outcomes of the Yalta Conference?

The key points of the meeting were as follows:Agreement to the priority of the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany. … Stalin agreed that France would have a fourth occupation zone in Germany if it was formed from the American and the British zones.Germany would undergo demilitarization and denazification.More items…


What was one result of the Yalta Conference quizlet?

What was agreed at the Yalta Conference? stalin agreed to join the war against the japanese. germany was to be split into four zones each controlled by either the USSR, USA, france and britain. berlin was to be divided between the four occupying powers.


Why was it called the Cold War?

As World War II was ending, the Cold War began. This was to be a long lasting and continuing confrontation between the Soviet Union and the United States, lasting from 1945 to 1989. It was called the Cold War because neither the Soviet Union nor the United States officially declared war on each other.


What were 5 main causes of the Cold War?

Causes of the Cold WarDifferences in ideologies. The United States and the Soviet Union represented two opposing systems of government. … Post-war Economic Reconstruction. … Differences between Truman and Stalin. … Support of Proxy-wars. … US Atomic Bomb. … USSR’s expansion west into Eastern Europe. … The Berlin Crisis.


Which event led directly to the end of the Cold War?

During 1989 and 1990, the Berlin Wall came down, borders opened, and free elections ousted Communist regimes everywhere in eastern Europe. In late 1991 the Soviet Union itself dissolved into its component republics. With stunning speed, the Iron Curtain was lifted and the Cold War came to an end.


What escalated the Cold War?

Development of the Hydrogen Bomb While anti-communist tensions were at a moderate baseline in the early years of the Cold War, the period of time encompassing the race to develop a functional hydrogen bomb set the precedent for the rising tensions of the Cold War as it escalated throughout the 20th century.


Why was the Yalta Conference a turning point?

Historic Turning Point for Europe Yalta is still regarded as a turning point for Europe. Not only did the conference mark the beginning of the end for World War II, it decided new alliances in the Pacific and a separation of powers on the Old Continent.


What describes the Cold War?

Cold War, the open yet restricted rivalry that developed after World War II between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies. The Cold War was waged on political, economic, and propaganda fronts and had only limited recourse to weapons.


When did the cold war start?

March 12, 1947 – December 26, 1991Cold War / PeriodThe Cold War was the geopolitical, ideological, and economic struggle between two world superpowers, the USA and the USSR, that started in 1947 at the end of the Second World War and lasted until the dissolution of the Soviet Union on December 26, 1991.


How did the Yalta Conference lead to the Cold War?

Besides, how did Yalta Conference lead to cold war? Yalta Conference foreshadows the Cold War. President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s goals included consensus on establishment of the United Nations and gaining Soviet agreement to enter the war against Japan once Hitler had been defeated. None of them left Yalta completely satisfied.


How did the Yalta Conference shape the postwar world?

Beside above, how did the Yalta conference shape the postwar world? Answer and Explanation: The Yalta Conference greatly shaped the world following World War II. It divided Germany into four zones of control, as well as the city of Berlin itself into four zones. The Conference also planned for the Soviet Union to help on the eastern front after the defeat of the National Socialists.


What was the Yalta Conference?

The Yalta Conference, also known as the Crimea Conference and code-named the Argonaut Conference, held February 4–11, 1945, was the World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union to discuss the postwar reorganization


What were the causes of the Cold War?

They discussed how to manage lands conquered by Germany during World War II. The Soviet Union agreed to allow free elections in all territories liberated from Nazi Germany, this included the declaration of Poland. Click to see full answer.


How did the Yalta Conference lead to the Cold War?

The Yalta Conference helped lead to the Cold War by giving the Soviet Union control over Eastern Europe.


What happened after the Yalta Conference?

When 16 members of the exiled Polish government were invited to Moscow to discuss establishing free Polish elections, they were arrested and sent to the gulag. Similar anti-democratic actions were taken in the rest of Eastern Europe and puppet-states of the USSR were established. This all resulted in the division of Europe between the democratic West and the communist East, a hallmark of the Cold War.


What did Churchill and FDR do at the Yalta Conference?

You can look at the Yalta Conference this way: Churchill and FDR had little choice but to make this devil’s bargain with Stalin. By agreeing to give up influence over Eastern Europe they were avoiding a likely fight with the Soviets. There were some, such as General Patton, who felt that the war should be continued against the Soviets in order to truly restore democracy in Eastern Europe. However, most people wanted to avoid another world war and realized that this uneasy agreement, aka The Cold War, was a better alternative.


What did Stalin promise to the Soviet Union?

Stalin promised to make sure that there would be free and fair elections in eastern Europe. However, he did not keep that promise since the Soviet Union took advantage of the situation and placed most of eastern Europe under its command. The United States did not take kindly to this kind of misconduct and thus began the Cold War with the Soviet Union.


What was the cause of the Cold War?

It was really the lack of decisions reached with regard to the fate of Poland that made the Yalta Conference foresee the Cold War. The Conference itself did not exactly lead to the Cold War. It was the Soviet occupation of Poland, and the lack of recognition by US and Britain of the Soviet Union’s interest, which resulted in increased tension between the US and the Soviet Union.


What did Stalin promise?

Stalin promised that the Soviet Union would allow free democratic elections to take place in these countries, something that Churchill insisted on. However, just… (The entire section contains 5 answers and 967 words.)


Why did Stalin and FDR have different objectives?

This gave Stalin a much stronger position at the conference. Stalin and FDR had different objectives. F DR wanted to secure Russia’s help in defeating Japan.


What was the purpose of the Yalta Conference?

Roosevelt of the US. They discussed how to manage lands conquered by Germany during World War II.


What were the causes of the Cold War?

Causes of the Cold War. The Causes of the Cold war was mainly distrust between the Soviet Union and the United States. The Russian Soviet Union wanted repercussions from Germany after WWII and a ‘buffer’ of friendly states to protect the USSR from being invaded again. The United States and Great Britain wanted to protect democracy …


What did the Soviet Union agree to allow?

The Soviet Union agreed to allow free elections in all territories liberated from Nazi Germany, this included the declaration of Poland. Roosevelt felt that the conference reflected on the spirit of US-Soviet wartime cooperation carrying into post war time politics, this was short lived. Causes of the Cold War.


Which country was included in the postwar governing of Germany?

France was the only country, other than the allies, included in postwar governing of Germany. . The US and Great Britain agreed that future governments of Eastern European Nations bordering the Soviet Union should be “friendly” to the Soviet Regime.


Why were the Yalta agreements so controversial?

This was because, as events turned out, Stalin failed to keep his promise that free elections would be held in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria. Instead, communist governments were established in all those countries, noncommunist political parties were suppressed, and genuinely democratic elections were never held. At the time of the Yalta Conference, both Roosevelt and Churchill had trusted Stalin and believed that he would keep his word. Neither leader had suspected that Stalin intended that all the popular front governments in Europe would be taken over by communists. Roosevelt and Churchill were further inclined to assent to the Yalta agreements because they assumed, mistakenly as it turned out, that Soviet assistance would be sorely needed to defeat the Japanese in the Pacific and Manchuria. In any case, the Soviet Union was the military occupier of eastern Europe at the war’s end, and so there was little the Western democracies could do to enforce the promises made by Stalin at Yalta. The formulation by American delegation member James F. Byrnes, soon to be secretary of state (1945–47), was apt: “It was not a question of what we would let the Russians do, but what we could get the Russians to do.”


Who was the leader of the Yalta Conference?

Yalta Conference, (February 4–11, 1945), major World War II conference of the three chief Allied leaders—Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States, Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom, and Premier Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union —which met at Yalta in Crimea to plan the final defeat and occupation of Nazi Germany.


What did Stalin agree to sign with China?

Stalin agreed to sign a pact of alliance and friendship with China. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. The United Nations organization charter had already been drafted, and the conferees worked out a compromise formula for voting in the Security Council.


What was the name of the conference that the three Allied leaders attended in 1945?

Encyclopaedia Britannica’s editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree…. Yalta Conference, (February 4–11, 1945), major World War II conference of the three chief Allied leaders—Pres. Franklin D.


What was the secret protocol for the Pacific Theatre?

Regarding the Pacific Theatre, a secret protocol stipulated that, in return for the Soviet Union’s entering the war against Japan within “two or three months” after Germany’s surrender, the U.S.S.R. would obtain from Japan the Kuril Islands and regain the territory lost in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–05 (including the southern part of Sakhalin Island ), and the status quo in pro-Soviet Outer Mongolia would be maintained. Stalin agreed to sign a pact of alliance and friendship with China.


How to deal with the defeated or liberated countries of eastern Europe?

The agreements reached, which were accepted by Stalin, called for “interim governmental authorities broadly representative of all democratic elements in the population… and the earliest possible establishment through free elections of governments responsive to the will of the people.” Britain and the United States supported a Polish government-in-exile in London, while the Soviets supported a communist-dominated Polish committee of national liberation in Lublin. Neither the Western Allies nor the Soviet Union would change its allegiance, so they could only agree that the Lublin committee would be broadened to include representatives of other Polish political groups, upon which the Allies would recognize it as a provisional government of national unity that would hold free elections to choose a successor government. Poland ’s future frontiers were also discussed but not decided.


Where did Roosevelt meet Stalin?

Roosevelt’s last meeting with Stalin and Churchill took place at Yalta, in Crimea, February 4–11, 1945. The conference is chiefly remembered for its treatment of the Polish problem: the western Allied leaders, abandoning their support of the Polish government in London, agreed that the…


What happened at the Yalta Conference?

A week later, Japan surrendered. The Yalta Conference had helped to end World War II. But it now began to shape the ensuing Cold War. No longer bound by a common enemy, the uneasy alliance of capitalist and communist superpowers would not endure.


What was the significance of the Yalta conference?

The conference shifted Poland’s borders westward, with the Soviet Union annexing much of the country’s east with land seized from northeast Germany granted as compensation. The agreement also contained loose language for the inclusion of democratic leaders from a Polish government-in-exile, backed by the British and Americans, in the provisional communist-dominated government installed by the Soviets. It also called for free democratic elections in Soviet-occupied countries in Eastern Europe.


Why did Roosevelt and Stalin go to Yalta?

Each leader came to Yalta with the goal of preventing another global war —but they differed on tactics. The frail Roosevelt made the 6,000-mile journey to Yalta by air and sea, zigzagging across the Atlantic to avoid German U-boats, to gain support for his United Nations proposal. Stalin sought to divide Germany to make it incapable of launching another war and to use Eastern Europe as a buffer zone for additional protection. He also wanted punitive reparations from Germany—a measure adamantly opposed by Churchill, who pegged self-determination in Poland as “the most urgent reason for the Yalta Conference .”


Where did Stalin and Churchill meet?

Stalin (back, left, seated in gray military uniform), Roosevelt (right, in gray suit) and Churchill (foreground, left) met in Livadia Palace in the Ukraine for the Yalta Conference. Keystone-France/Gamma-Keystone/Getty Images. Not all was so opulent inside the palace, though. Sleeping nine to a room, the Americans sprayed DDT to ward off …


What was the Cold War?

The Cold War brought a reassessment of Yalta. By the time of Roosevelt’s death two months later on April 12, it was becoming clear that Stalin had no intention to support political freedom in Poland. World War II had begun with the invasion of Poland’. It ended with Poland under Soviet domination.


Where was the Livadia conference held?

The conference opened on February 4, 1945, inside the Livadia Palace, once the summer home of Czar Nicholas II. For eight days, the Allied leaders and their top military and diplomatic staff negotiated amid a haze of cigar and cigarette smoke while feasting on caviar and imbibing vodka and other liquors.


When did Stalin sign a treaty with Poland?

pinterest-pin-it. Joseph Stalin signing a treaty of friendship and mutual assistance between the USSR and Poland, April 21, 1945. ITAR-TASS/Getty Images. Two days after the United States dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan. A week later, Japan surrendered.


Who were the leaders of the United Kingdom, the United States, and the Soviet Union at the Yalta Conference?

From left to right: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin. Image courtesy Wikimedia Commons. As the war moved into its final stages in mid-1945, suspicion flared between the United States and …


What was the Cold War?

Overview. The Cold War was a struggle for world dominance between the capitalist United States and the communist Soviet Union. At the Yalta Conference, the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and France agreed to split Germany into four zones of occupation after the war. The US ambassador in Moscow warned …


What was the only way to handle relations with the Soviet Union?

Kennan advised the US government that the only way to handle relations with the Soviet Union was to pursue a vigorous policy of containment: blocking the advance of both Soviet power and communism everywhere in the world.


What did the US ambassador in Moscow say about the Soviet Union?

The US ambassador in Moscow warned that the Soviet Union desired to expand throughout the world and prescribed the “containment” of communism as the chief US foreign policy strategy.


What was the Russian resort town that Hitler fought in?

Before the war’s end, the leaders of the Allied powers met at the Russian resort town of Yalta to plan for the future after Hitler’s defeat.


What happened in 1945?

Image courtesy Wikimedia Commons. As the war moved into its final stages in mid 1945 , suspicion flared between the United States and the Soviet Union. The terrifying new power of the atomic bomb, which the United States dropped on Japan in August, made the Soviets justifiably nervous.


Why is the Cold War called the Cold War?

It’s called the Cold War because no actual military engagement took place between the United States and the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics). Instead, fighting took place in proxy wars conducted in “third-world” countries. The United States and USSR clashed over their economic and political philosophies.


What was the purpose of the Yalta Conference?

With an Allied victory looking likely, the aim of the Yalta Conference was to decide what to do with Germany once it had been defeated. In many ways the Yalta Conference set the scene for the rest of the Cold War in Europe.


When did the Cold War start?

The Cold War origins 1941-56 . Just as the 1960s started swinging and a new US President entered the White House, the Cold War entered its most critical phase, when the world would be pushed to the brink of nuclear war. Part of.


What was the German capital of during the Cold War?

The German capital, Berlin, was about 100 miles inside the Soviet zone and it, too, was to be divided into four zones, each controlled by one of the Allied powers. Berlin would become a continuing source of tension once the Cold War began in earnest.


What was the purpose of the Yalta Conference?

With an Allied victory looking likely, the aim of the Yalta Conference was to decide what to do with Germany once it had been defeated . Each of the three leaders had different priorities: To maintain Britain’s global empire and prestige. Withstand pressure from the USA and the USSR to end Britain’s colonial empire.


When did the Cold War start?

The Cold War origins, 1941-1948. The USA entered World War Two against Germany and Japan in 1941, creating an uneasy alliance of the USA, Britain and the USSR. This alliance would ultimately fail and break down into the Cold War. Part of.


What did Stalin promise to do?

Stalin once again promised to join the war against Japan, once Germany was defeated. All the leaders made a commitment to hunt down Nazi war criminals. The Allies agreed to the setting up of the United Nations, an organisation with the objectives of ensuring international cooperation and preventing future wars.


What was the German capital of the Cold War?

The German capital, Berlin, was deep inside the Soviet zone and it too was to be divided into four zones, each controlled by one of the Allied powers. Berlin would be a source of tension throughout the Cold War.


Why did Stalin want a buffer zone?

Stalin wanted a buffer zone of communist countries in eastern Europe to give Russia that security.


How did the Cold War start?

While most historians trace the origins of the Cold War to the period immediately following World War II, others argue that it began with the October Revolution in Russia in 1917 when the Bolsheviks took power. In World War I, the British, French and Russian Empires had composed the Allied Powers from the start, and the U.S. joined them in April 1917. The Bolsheviks seized power in Russia in November 1917 and fulfilled their promise to withdraw from WWI, and German armies advanced rapidly across the borderlands. The Allies responded with an economic blockade against all of Russia. In early March 1918, the Soviets followed through on the wave of popular disgust against the war and accepted harsh German peace terms with the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. In the eyes of some Allies, Russia now was helping Germany to win the war by freeing up a million German soldiers for the Western Front and by


What was the Cold War?

The Cold War was a period of geopolitical tension between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies, the Western Bloc and the Eastern Bloc, which began following World War II.


What were the goals of the Allies?

Some scholars contend that all the Western Allies desired a security system in which democratic governments were established as widely as possible, permitting countries to peacefully resolve differences through international organizations. Others note that the Atlantic powers were divided in their vision of the new post-war world. Roosevelt’s goals—military victory in both Europe and Asia, the achievement of global American economic supremacy over the British Empire, and the creation of a world peace organization —were more global than Churchill’s, which were mainly centered on securing control over the Mediterranean, ensuring the survival of the British Empire, and the independence of Central and Eastern European countries as a buffer between the Soviets and the United Kingdom.


How did the US help Vietnam?

Under President John F. Kennedy, US troop levels in Vietnam grew under the Military Assistance Advisory Group program from just under a thousand in 1959 to 16,000 in 1963. South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem’s heavy-handed crackdown on Buddhist monks in 1963 led the US to endorse a deadly military coup against Diem. The war escalated further in 1964 following the controversial Gulf of Tonkin incident, in which a US destroyer was alleged to have clashed with North Vietnamese fast attack craft. The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave President Lyndon B. Johnson broad authorization to increase US military presence, deploying ground combat units for the first time and increasing troop levels to 184,000. Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev responded by reversing Khrushchev’s policy of disengagement and increasing aid to the North Vietnamese, hoping to entice the North from its pro-Chinese position. The USSR discouraged further escalation of the war, however, providing just enough military assistance to tie up American forces. From this point, the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN), also known as the North Vietnamese Army (NVA) engaged in more conventional warfare with US and South Vietnamese forces.


What countries did the Soviet Union force to invade?

After signing the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact and German–Soviet Frontier Treaty, the Soviet Union forced the Baltic countries —Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania —to allow it to station Soviet troops in their countries. Finland rejected territorial demands, prompting a Soviet invasion in November 1939. The resulting Winter War ended in March 1940 with Finnish concessions. Britain and France, treating the Soviet attack on Finland as tantamount to its entering the war on the side of the Germans, responded to the Soviet invasion by supporting the USSR’s expulsion from the League of Nations.


How did the US influence the Korean War?

The US initially seemed to follow containment when it first entered the war. This directed the US’s action to only push back North Korea across the 38th Parallel and restore South Korea’s sovereignty while allowing North Korea’s survival as a state. However, the success of the Inchon landing inspired the US/UN forces to pursue a rollback strategy instead and to overthrow communist North Korea, thereby allowing nationwide elections under U.N. auspices. General Douglas MacArthur then advanced across the 38th Parallel into North Korea. The Chinese, fearful of a possible US invasion, sent in a large army and defeated the U.N. forces, pushing them back below the 38th parallel. Truman publicly hinted that he might use his “ace in the hole” of the atomic bomb, but Mao was unmoved. The episode was used to support the wisdom of the containment doctrine as opposed to rollback. The Communists were later pushed to roughly around the original border, with minimal changes. Among other effects, the Korean War galvanised NATO to develop a military structure. Public opinion in countries involved, such as Great Britain, was divided for and against the war.


What were the three worlds of the Cold War?

Second World: Eastern Bloc led by the USSR, China, and their allies. Third World: Non-Aligned and neutral countries.

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Aftermath


Example

  • Another agreement was known as The Declaration of Liberated Europe. The agreement said that the people would be able to determine the kind of government they would have in their country. However, the King of Romania said he was pressured by the Soviet Union to have a communist government. This was another example showing we couldnt trust the Soviet Union.

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Significance

  • It was really the lack of decisions reached with regard to the fate of Poland that made the Yalta Conference foresee the Cold War. The Conference itself did not exactly lead to the Cold War. It was the Soviet occupation of Poland, and the lack of recognition by US and Britain of the Soviet Union’s interest, which resulted in increased tension between the US and the Soviet Union.

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Legacy

  • Those who do not look back on the Yalta conference positively believe that Roosevelt did not do enough at the conference and basically gave away Eastern Europe to the Soviets. Others believe that Roosevelt did the best he could at the time. Roosevelt died soon after and during the presidency of Harry Truman, relations between the US and Soviet Union worsened.

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Facts

  • During the Yalta or Crimea Conference, there was a gentleman’s agreement among three countries: the Soviet Union, Britain, and the United States. It was the breach of this agreement that led to the Cold War.

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Background

  • During the 1945 conference, Winston Churchill (the British prime minister), Franklin D. Roosevelt (the US president), and Joseph Stalin (the Soviet Union premier) agreed that they would facilitate the return to normalcy in Germany and the rest of Europe after the Second World War was over. Stalin promised to make sure that there would be free and fair elections in eastern Europe. How…

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Results

  • The Yalta Conference helped lead to the Cold War by giving the Soviet Union control over Eastern Europe.

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Effects

  • At the conference, the Soviet Union was given the right to control Eastern Europe. They were supposed to allow free elections in the countries of the area, but they were given control. This led to the Cold War because it made the West feel that the USSR was bent on expanding communism. It made them feel that the Soviets were going to try to impose communist systems on all the co…

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