How to find congressional conference reports

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You can read the full text of recent committee and conference reports on govinfo (GPO), Congress.gov, or you may be able to order them from the Senate or House Document Rooms, find copies of them in a library, or purchase them from the Government Publishing Office.

When will my conference report be available in the record?

Normally, conference reports are printed and made available online in the Congressional Record the day after they have been filed. In those cases when the Government Publishing Office (GPO) is unable to print a conference report the next day, the GPO will scan the manuscript and post the searchable PDF of the manuscript on this web page.

How do I find a conference committee report?

Conference reports are particularly important because they come at the end of the legislative process and report on the text of the compromise bill. Conference committee reports are issued as House Reports (i.e. their citations will be H. Rpts.). Select “Committee Reports” from pull down menu before searching.

What is a conference report in Congress?

In the United States Congress, a conference report refers to the final version of a bill that is negotiated between the House of Representatives and the Senate via conference committee.

How do I find a Congressional report?

You can locate Congressional Reports by: Using the Advanced Search; fields specific to the CRPT will display after you select Congressional Reports in the Refine by Collection column, Using the Citation Search to retrieve a single document in PDF format if you know the Congress number, report type and number, and doucment heading,

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Are congressional records available online?

The full text of the contemporary Congressional Record is available on Congress.gov and on the govinfo (GPO) website. On Congress.gov, you can browse the Record or do a fielded search back to the 104th Congress (1995-96).


Are conference reports legislative history?

Congressional committee reports in general, and conference reports in particular, are the most important source of legislative history. Reports are issued for almost every bill that becomes a law, and there is usually a report from each of the House and Senate committees that considered the legislation.


What is a congressional conference report?

Conference Reports are agreements on legislation that is negotiated between the House and Senate via conference committees. It is printed and submitted to each chamber for its consideration, such as approval or disapproval.


Where can I get my congressional hearing transcripts?

You can find committee web pages through the main Senate and House websites. Most committees organize their hearing transcripts by date, and sometimes by subcommittee. Generally, testimony is only available for witnesses who submitted their statements electronically.


How do you Bluebook cite a conference report?

The Bluebook does not provide clear guidance on conference papers. Per this rule, conference papers should be cited with both the author’s name and paper title in ordinary Roman type. The paper title should be followed with a parenthetical detailing the name of the conference and the year the conference was held.


Which committee reports most of the legislation in Congress?

If the House and Senate pass the same bill then it is sent to the President. If the House and Senate pass different bills they are sent to Conference Committee. Most major legislation goes to a Conference Committee.


Can you filibuster a conference report?

In the Senate, a motion to proceed to a conference report is not debatable, although Senators can generally filibuster the conference report itself.


How do I find my Westlaw Senate report?

Select Advanced, Search in “House and Senate Documents/Reports” for full-text from 1789 – present. Select the appropriate year and Congress. Browse Sources > Committee Reports (From 101st Congress, 2d Session (1990) to present, although the coverage of the 101st and 102nd Congresses is only selective.)


What are federal reports?

Federal financial reporting—defined here as the process of recording retrospective executive department-level financial and performance information—can provide both a snapshot of the government’s financial health at a given moment in time, as well as an accounting of its financial performance over a particular time …


Are congressional hearings open to the public?

Most committee hearings and markup sessions are generally open to the public. In rare cases, usually to discuss national security issues, a committee will meet behind closed doors.


How far back does the Congressional Record Go?

Senate.gov features a digital library of Résumés of Congressional Activity dating from 1947. Century of Lawmaking provides full-text access to the “permanent edition” of the CR, and its previous titles, from 1789-1875 (1st through the 43rd Congresses).


What is the name of the record of the meetings of Congress?

The Congressional Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress. It is published daily when Congress is in session. The Congressional Record began publication in 1873, and is still published today.


Why are committee reports the most authoritative source of legislative history?

Committee reports and conference committee reports contain the reasoning of the committee who held hearings and heard testimony from interested parties, and provide a recommendation to the full chamber on passing the bill. They are, therefore, considered the most useful and authoritative source of legislative intent.


What is the correct definition of the legal phrase legislative history?

legislative history means the documents of the legislature recording the background and events, including draft bills, correspondence and memoranda, committee reports, tapes and transcripts of hearings, and tapes and transcripts of floor debate concerning consideration of a bill; Sample 1.


What is a conference report in Business?

A Conference Report Template is a document that shows the summary of the conference in terms of the result or outcome of the event. This document report is helpful in measuring if the conference is successful or not and if the goals were reached.


Is conference paper an academic text?

Academic conferences have various formats, but in English, the default mode is a series of panels in which 2–4 scholars deliver presentations and then respond to comments and queries. A conference paper is the text for one of these presentations.


Committee Meetings

Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry: Committee concluded a hearing to examine digital assets, focusing on risks, regulation, and innovation, after receiving testimony from Rostin Behnam, Chairman, Commodity Futures Trading Commission; Sandra Ro, Global Blockchain Business Council, and Perianne Boring, Chamber of Digital Commerce, both of Washington, D.C.; Sam Bankman-Fried, FTX, Chicago, Illinois; and Kevin Werbach, University of Pennsylvania Wharton School, Philadelphia..


Committee Meetings

Committee on Foreign Affairs: Full Committee concluded a markup on H. Res. 896, the “Condemning the Burmese military for perpetrating gross violations of human rights as part of its brutal campaign to suppress the democratic aspirations of the people of Burma, a year after the coup d’état on February 1, 2021”; H.R.


Joint Meetings

Joint Economic Committee: Committee concluded a hearing to examine building a better labor market, focusing on empowering older workers for a stronger economy, after receiving testimony from Teresa Ghilarducci, The New School for Social Research, New York, New York; and Monique Morrissey, Economic Policy Institute, Jocelyn Frye, National Partnership for Women and Families, and Andrew G.


How to search committee reports?

Searching Committee Reports. You can search committee reports from the search bar by selecting Committee Reports as the source and entering your search terms in the search box. Committee reports are included when you search All Sources.


What is the citation for a committee report?

Executive reports are issued by Senate committees reporting on treaties and nominations. Executive report citations begin with the prefix ‘Ex. Rept.’ followed by the Congress and report number.


What is committee activity report?

reports of conference committees. committee activity reports, published at the conclusion of a Congress.


What is the official record of debate and proceedings on the floor of the House and Senate?

And there is always the Congressional Record — the official record of debate and proceedings on the floor of the House and the Senate. The Congressional Record is published each day Congress is in session. The Congressional Record is freely available online through GovInfo.


What is the CRS report?

CRS reports are authoritative, objective, nonpartisan, and cover a wide range of topics. As an example, see the 2008 report: The Rise of Senate Unanimous Consent Agreements.


Why is a conference report important?

Conference reports are particularly important because they come at the end of the legislative process and report on the text


What is a committee report?

Often, committee reports include the legislative history of the bill, the purposes of the bill, and what the committee regards as the need for new legislation .


What is the most important source of legislative history?

Congressional committee reports in general, and conference reports in particular, are the most important source of legislative history. Reports are issued for almost every bill that becomes a law, and there is usually a report from each of the House and Senate committees that considered the legislation. A report will accompany the bill …


Print Resources

Many of the online databases above provide select access to committee reports in resources such as the Serial Set. For more complete access, use these resources at your local Federal Depository Library.


Subscription Resources

The subscription resources marked with a padlock are available to researchers on-site at the Library of Congress. If you are unable to visit the Library, you may be able to access these resources through your local public or academic library.


Free Online Resources

The Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation website, made available by the Library of Congress, contains the American State Papers collection, which covers U.S. congressional documents from 1789-1838. Century also contains select portions of the United States Serial Set from 1817 to 1917.


What is a conference report?

In the United States Congress, a conference report refers to the final version of a bill that is negotiated between the House of Representatives and the Senate via conference committee. It is printed and submitted to each chamber for its consideration, such as approval or disapproval.


What is the publication procedure?

An amendment to Rule XXVIII of the Standing Rules of the United States Senate states: 9 (a) (1) It shall not be in order to vote on the adoption of a report of a committee of conference unless such report has been available to Members and to the general public for at least 48 hours before such vote.


Can you search handwritten notes in a conference report?

Although the PDF of the scanned manuscript of a conference report will be searchable, handwritten notes or other illegible text may or may not be completely searchable. Regardless, the image of the handwritten notes, will be captured in the PDF of the scanned manuscript.

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About Congressional Reports

  • What are Congressional Reports? Congressional Reports originate from congressional committees and deal with proposed legislation and issues under investigation. Congressional Reports, along with Congressional Documents, are part of the U.S. Congressional Serial Set, co…

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Sample Congressional Reports URLs

  • Sample Congressional Reports URLs govinfouses two key pieces of information to construct predictable URLs to reports and Details pages. 1. Package ID is used to identify an individual report. 2. Granule ID is used to identify volumes, parts or errata that may exist for a single report. Details Page for a Congressional Report (Single Part or Volume) Structure: https://www.govinfo.…

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Congressional Reports Metadata Fields and Values

  • Metadata fields and values can be used to increase the relevancy of your searches. Metadata fields and values are used throughout govinfofor: 1. Refining Your Search, 2. Browsing Government Publications, 3. Field Operators, 4. Advanced Search, and 5. Display on Details pages. Metadata fields and values can be entered into the Basic Search box using field operators. The …

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Congressional Reports Citation Patterns

  • These patterns are available when creating searches using Congressional Reports citations. In the Basic Search box, simply use one of the citation patterns listed in the Search Examples column below. If the report number value that you use is available on the website, the document will be returned. *all terms in italics are newly accepted search patterns

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Congressional Reports Related Resources


Scope of Coverage

  • Committee reports are available on Congress.gov from 1995 (104th Congress). Committee reports become available on Congress.gov throughout each day, shortly after they are published on GPO’s govinfo. See Coverage Dates for Congress.gov Collectionsfor more information.

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Browsing Committee Reports

  • You can browse separate lists of committee reports by type: 1. House reports 2. Senate reports 3. Executive reports You can browse all committee reports (issued since 1995) in a single list, and refine with filters or search within. Note that reports issued in multiple parts (e.g., H. Rept.114-598) and reports for which errata have been issued generally have multiple PDFs, and counts on …

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Searching Committee Reports

  • You can search committee reports from the search bar by selecting Committee Materials as the source from the dropdown list and then using the Limit Your Search filter to check only Committee Reports. You can also enter your search terms in the search box. Committee reports are included when you search Current Congress or All Congresses. You also ca…

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Contemporary Reports

  • Full text and metadata for committee reports, including executive reports, are searchable within Congress.gov (1995-present). Reports can also be browsed in number order and retrieved by citation. The Committee Considerationtutorial explains reports within the context of the legislative process.

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Historical Reports

  • Full text and metadata for selected committee reports are available from Century of Lawmaking. Retrieve reports by citation from 1833-1917 (23rd-64th Congresses) or browse reports in number order.

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Examples

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