What is the evian conference

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National delegations

Country Delegation
Argentina Dr Tomas A. Le Breton, Ambassador in Fra …
Australia Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas W. White, DFC, …
Belgium Robert de Foy, Chief of the Belgian Stat …
Bolivia Simón Iturri Patiño, Minister in France, …

May 17 2022

Full
Answer

What was the purpose of the Evian Conference?

The Evian Conference. The Evian Conference Between 1933 and 1941, the Nazis aimed to make Germany judenrein (cleansed of Jews) by making life so difficult for them that they would be forced to leave the country. By 1938, about 150,000 German Jews, one in four, had already fled the country.

How many countries participated in the Evian Conference?

As stated in a previous report regarding the conference at Evian, approximately thirty countries participated in the meeting.

What was the result of the Evian Conference on refugees?

The refugees were desperate to flee Nazi persecution in Germany, but could not leave without having permission to settle in other countries. The Evian Conference resulted in almost no change in the immigration policies of most of the attending nations.

What happened at the Evian Conference in 1938?

Delegates of 32 countries assembled at the Royal Hotel in Evian, France, from July 6 to 15, 1938, to discuss the problem of Jewish refugees. The refugees were desperate to flee Nazi persecution in Germany, but could not leave without having permission to settle in other countries.

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Overview


Reaction

German Führer Adolf Hitler said in response to the conference:
I can only hope and expect that the other world, which has such deep sympathy for these criminals [Jews], will at least be generous enough to convert this sympathy into practical aid. We, on our part, are ready to put all these criminals at the disposal of these countries, for all I care, even on luxury ships.
In her autobiography My Life (1975), Golda Meir described her outrage being in “the ludicrous capacity of the [Je…


Background

The Nuremberg Laws stripped German Jews, who were already persecuted by the Hitler regime, of their German citizenship. They were classified as “subjects” and became stateless in their own country. By 1938, some 450,000 of about 900,000 German Jews were expelled or fled Germany, mostly to France and British Mandate Palestine, where the large wave of migrants led to an Arab uprising. When Hitler annexed Austria in March 1938, and applied German racial laws, the 200,000 Jews of Austria became stateless.


Proceedings

Conference delegates expressed sympathy for Jews under Nazism but made no immediate joint resolution or commitment, portraying the conference as a mere beginning, to the frustration of some commentators. Noting “that the involuntary emigration of people in large numbers has become so great that it renders racial and religious problems more acute, increases international unrest, and may hinder seriously the processes of appeasement in international rel…


Consequences

The result of the failure of the conference was that many of the Jews had no escape and so were ultimately subject to what was known as Hitler’s “Final Solution to the Jewish Question”. Two months after Évian, in September 1938, Britain and France granted Hitler the right to occupy the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia. In November 1938, on Kristallnacht, a massive pogrom across the Third Reich was accompanied by the destruction of over 1,000 synagogues, massacres an…


Participants

• Agudas Israel World Organization, London
• Alliance Israélite Universelle, Paris
• American, British, Belgian, French, Dutch, and Swiss Catholic Committees for Aid to Refugees
• American Joint Distribution Committee, Paris


See also

• Bermuda Conference
• British Mandate of Palestine
• Kimberley Plan
• Kristallnacht (November 9, 1938)
• White Paper of 1939


External links

• Decisions Taken at the Évian Conference
• The Évian Conference on the Yad Vashem website
• Former english daily Palestine Posts contemporary news
• Sosúa Virtual Museum Living memorial to the Sosúa settlers

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