THE POTSDAM CONFERENCE
- When war ended in Europe, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (replaced by Prime Minister Clement Attlee), and U.S. …
- It was the second meeting prior to the Yalta Conference of February 1945. …
- The major concern raised at Potsdam was determining Germany’s fate.
What were the main aims of the Potsdam Conference?
The main aims of the Potsdam Conference were to finalise a post-war agreement and to pressure Japan, which was still in the war. In February 1945, the leaders of the Alliance -nicknamed the Big Three – attended a conference in Yalta, where many agreements were made. At Potsdam, these were to be put into action.
Who were the three leaders that met in Potsdam?
The Big Three—Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (replaced on July 26 by Prime Minister Clement Attlee), and U.S. President Harry Truman—met in Potsdam, Germany, from July 17 to August 2, 1945, to negotiate terms for the end of World War II.
What did the Big Three do in the Potsdam Agreement?
The Big Three worked out many of the details of the postwar order in the Potsdam Agreement, signed on August 1. They confirmed plans to disarm and demilitarize Germany, which would be divided into four Allied occupation zones controlled by the United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union.
What are some good books about the Potsdam Agreement?
Alliance: the inside story of how Roosevelt, Stalin and Churchill won one war and began another (Simon and Schuster, 2015). pp 401–420. Gimbel, John. “On the Implementation of the Potsdam Agreement: an Essay on U.S. Postwar German Policy.”
What three powers met at the Potsdam Conference answers com?
The leaders of the United States, Great Britain and the Soviet Union—the Big Three powers who had defeated Nazi Germany—met at the Potsdam Conference near Berlin from July 17 to August 2, 1945, in what was a crucial moment in defining the new, post-World War II balance of power.
What was the main objective of the Potsdam Conference?
The main objective of the Potsdam Conference was to finalise a post-war settlement and put into action all the things agreed at Yalta.
What were the key points of the Potsdam Conference?
Key final decisions included: Germany would be divided into four occupation zones (among the three powers and France); Germany’s eastern border was to be shifted west to the Oder–Neisse line; a Soviet-backed group was recognized as the legitimate government of Poland; and Vietnam was to be partitioned at the 16th …
Who were the big three?
In World War II, the three great Allied powers—Great Britain, the United States, and the Soviet Union—formed a Grand Alliance that was the key to victory. But the alliance partners did not share common political aims, and did not always agree on how the war should be fought.
The Potsdam Conference (German: Potsdamer Konferenz) was held in Potsdam, Germany, from July 17 to August 2, 1945, to allow the three leading Allies to plan the postwar peace, while avoiding the mistakes of the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. The participants were the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States. They were represented respectively by General Secretary Joseph …
Relationships among leaders
A number of changes had taken place in the five months since the Yalta Conference and greatly affected the relationships among the leaders. The Soviets occupied Central and Eastern Europe, and the Red Army effectively controlled the Baltic States, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria, and Romania. Refugees fled from those countries. Stalin had set up a puppet communist government in Poland, insisted that his control of Eastern Europe was a defensive measure agai…
Truman had mentioned an unspecified “powerful new weapon” to Stalin during the conference. Towards the end of the conference, on July 26, the Potsdam Declaration gave Japan an ultimatum to surrender unconditionally or meet “prompt and utter destruction”, which did not mention the new bomb but promised that “it was not intended to enslave Japan”. The Soviet Union was not involved in that declaration since it was still neutral in the war against Japan. Japanese Prime M…
Previous major conferences
• Yalta Conference, 4 to 11 February 1945
• Second Quebec Conference, 12 to 16 September 1944
• Tehran Conference, 28 November to 1 December 1943
• Cairo Conference, 22 to 26 November 1943
• Diplomatic history of World War II
• Foreign policy of the Harry S. Truman administration
• List of Soviet Union–United States summits
• Origins of the Cold War
Sources and further reading
• Beschloss, Michael. The Conquerors: Roosevelt, Truman, and the destruction of Hitler’s Germany, 1941–1945 (Simon & Schuster, 2002) ISBN 0684810271
• Cecil, Robert. “Potsdam and its Legends.” International Affairs 46.3 (1970): 455-465. online
• Cook, Bernard A. (2001), Europe Since 1945: An Encyclopedia, Taylor & Francis, ISBN 0-8153-4057-5
• Agreements of the Berlin (Potsdam) Conference
• Truman and the Potsdam Conference, lesson plan for secondary schools
• EDSITEment’s lesson Sources of Discord, 1945–1946
• Annotated bibliography for the Potsdam Conference from the Alsos Digital Library