When was the potsdam conference held


Why was the Potsdam Conference held?

The Big Three—Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (replaced on July 26 by Prime Minister Clement Attlee), and U.S. President Harry Truman—met in Potsdam, Germany, from July 17 to August 2, 1945, to negotiate terms for the end of World War II.

What was decided at the Potsdam Conference of 1945?

The Big Three worked out many of the details of the postwar order in the Potsdam Agreement, signed on August 1. They confirmed plans to disarm and demilitarize Germany, which would be divided into four Allied occupation zones controlled by the United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union.

When was the Potsdam Conference held provide the month and year?

Potsdam Conference, (July 17–August 2, 1945), Allied conference of World War II held at Potsdam, a suburb of Berlin.

What was the main conflict at the Potsdam Conference?

The central issue was the postwar fate of Germany. The country had been divided into four zones of military occupation, under the Americans, British, French, and Soviets. On 18 July, the conference quickly accepted Truman’s outline proposals for further progress.

Where was the Potsdam Conference held?

PotsdamCecilienhofPotsdam Conference/Location

Why did the Potsdam Conference fail?

But the biggest stumbling blocks at Potsdam were the post-war fate of Poland, the revision of its frontiers and those of Germany, and the expulsion of many millions of ethnic Germans from Eastern Europe. The question of Poland had loomed large at both the Teheran and Yalta conferences.

What happened at the Potsdam Conference quizlet?

The Potsdam Conference resulted in divisions of Germany through reparations of each allied sides occupation zones, and divisions of European countries between the US and the USSR. After the division between the free world and communist camps, Stalin brought down an Iron Curtain to keep invasions from the West out.

Which country was the main disagreement in the Potsdam conference in July 1945?

JapanOn July 17, 1945, U.S. President Harry S. Truman, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill met in the Berlin suburb of Potsdam to discuss issues relating to postwar Europe and plans to deal with the ongoing conflict with Japan.

Who signed the Potsdam Agreement?

The signatories were General Secretary Joseph Stalin, President Harry S. Truman, and Prime Minister Clement Attlee, who, as a result of the British general election of 1945, had replaced Winston Churchill as the UK’s representative.

What did Harry Truman do at the Potsdam Conference?

The Conference issued the Potsdam Declaration on July 26. The Declaration set forth the Allied surrender terms for Japan and the alternative of “prompt and utter destruction” if they did not surrender. Truman edited this draft, which he sent to General Chiang Kai-shek through the United States Ambassador to China.


The Potsdam Conference (German: Potsdamer Konferenz) was held in Potsdam, Germany, from July 17 to August 2, 1945, to allow the three leading Allies to plan the postwar peace, while avoiding the mistakes of the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. The participants were the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States. They were represented respectively by General Secretary Joseph …

Relationships among leaders

A number of changes had taken place in the five months since the Yalta Conference and greatly affected the relationships among the leaders. The Soviets occupied Central and Eastern Europe, and the Red Army effectively controlled the Baltic States, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria, and Romania. Refugees fled from those countries. Stalin had set up a puppet communist government in Poland, insisted that his control of Eastern Europe was a defensive measure agai…


At the end of the conference, the three heads of government agreed on the following actions. All other issues were to be resolved by the final peace conference, which was to be called as soon as possible.
• The Allies issued a statement of aims for their occupation of Germany: demilitarization, denazification, democratization, decentralization, dismantling, a…


Truman had mentioned an unspecified “powerful new weapon” to Stalin during the conference. Towards the end of the conference, on July 26, the Potsdam Declaration gave Japan an ultimatum to surrender unconditionally or meet “prompt and utter destruction”, which did not mention the new bomb but promised that “it was not intended to enslave Japan”. The Soviet Union was not involved in that declaration since it was still neutral in the war against Japan. Japanese Prime M…

Previous major conferences

• Yalta Conference, 4 to 11 February 1945
• Second Quebec Conference, 12 to 16 September 1944
• Tehran Conference, 28 November to 1 December 1943
• Cairo Conference, 22 to 26 November 1943

See also

• Diplomatic history of World War II
• Foreign policy of the Harry S. Truman administration
• List of Soviet Union–United States summits
• Origins of the Cold War

Sources and further reading

• Beschloss, Michael. The Conquerors: Roosevelt, Truman, and the destruction of Hitler’s Germany, 1941–1945 (Simon & Schuster, 2002) ISBN 0684810271
• Cecil, Robert. “Potsdam and its Legends.” International Affairs 46.3 (1970): 455-465. online
• Cook, Bernard A. (2001), Europe Since 1945: An Encyclopedia, Taylor & Francis, ISBN 0-8153-4057-5

External links

• Agreements of the Berlin (Potsdam) Conference
• Truman and the Potsdam Conference, lesson plan for secondary schools
• EDSITEment’s lesson Sources of Discord, 1945–1946
• Annotated bibliography for the Potsdam Conference from the Alsos Digital Library

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