Who attended all the three round table conference

image

Dr. B.R.Ambedkar

Full
Answer

Who attended all three Round Table Conferences held in London?

Three Round table Conferences were held in London in 1930,1931,1932. Dr.B.R Ambedkar attended all three Round table conference. Gandhi Ji attended second round table Conference. A. By the Company B.

When did the 3rd Round Table Conference take place?

While the INC claimed to speak for the whole of the country, other participants and leaders of other parties contested this claim. Third Round Table Conference (November 1932– December 1932) The third Round Table Conference took place between 17 November 1932 and 24 December 1932. Participants of the Third Round table conference

What brought the Congress to the second session of Round Table Conference?

A settlement between Mahatma Gandhi and Viceroy Lord Irwin brought the Congress to the second session of Round Table Conference, which opened on 7 September.

What are Round Table Conferences?

On 31st October, 1929, the Viceroy announced the intention of His Majesty’s Government to hold a Round Table Conferences after the publication of Simon Report, to elicit the opinion of Indian representatives concerning constitutional advance.

image


When was the Round Table Conference?

The Round Table Conference officially inaugurated by His Majesty George V on November 12, 1930 in Royal Gallery House of Lords at London and chaired by the Prime Minister.


When did the second round table conference start?

The Second Session opened on September 7, 1931. There were three major differences between the first and second Round Table Conferences. By the second:


What was the Gandhi-Irwin Pact?

Congress Representation — The Gandhi–Irwin Pact opened the way for Congress participation in this conference. Gandhi was invited from India and attended as the sole official Congress representative accompanied by Sarojini Naidu and also Madan Mohan Malaviya, Ghanshyam Das Birla, Muhammad Iqbal, Sir Mirza Ismail ( Diwan of Mysore ), S.K. Dutta and Sir Syed Ali Imam. Gandhi claimed that the Congress alone represented political India; that the Untouchables were Hindus and should not be treated as a “minority”; and that there should be no separate electorates or special safeguards for Muslims or other minorities. These claims were rejected by the other Indian participants. According to this pact, Gandhi was asked to call off the Civil Disobedience Movement (CDM) and if he did so the prisoners of the British government would be freed except the criminal prisoners, i.e. those who had killed British officials. He returned to India, disappointed with the results and empty-handed.


How many delegates were there at the 3rd Congress?

The third and last session assembled on November 17, 1932. Only forty-six delegates attended since most of the main political figures of India were not present. The Labour Party from Britain and the Indian National Congress refused to attend.


What was the culmination of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact?

The culmination of events were settled by the Gandhi–Irwin Pact (1931). A chastised Gandhi wanted the peaceful end to civil disobedience demanded by the Viceroy and his Council. Lord Irwin was triumphant but the Simon Commission had failed to gauge the determination of Indian opinion to ultimately bring independence.


What were the three round tables?

The three Round Table Conferences of 1930–1932 were a series of peace conferences organized by the British Government and Indian political personalities to discuss constitutional reforms in India. These started in November 1930 and ended in December 1932.


Who was the leading Liberal on the committee?

One of the foremost advisers was Sir Malcolm Hailey, an Indian civil servant with thirty years experience. The leading Liberal on the committee, Lord Reading was “well aware of the troubles which might arise if an when India became independent.”.


When did the Round Table Conferences take place?

On 31st October, 1929 , the Viceroy announced the intention of His Majesty’s Government to hold a Round Table Conferences after the publication of Simon Report, to elicit the opinion of Indian representatives concerning constitutional advance.


What was the purpose of the Third Round Table Conference?

The Third Round Table Conference was held in London on 17th of November, 1932 to consider the reports of various sub-committees appointed from time to time. It ultimately led to the passage of Govt. of India Act, 1935 . Following the publication of Communal Award, the third Session, or “the Pocket” R.T.C. met in London to discuss a fixed agenda in private. It was smaller and more informal than the previous ones. The Congress did not participate as most of the leaders were in jail.


Why did the communal award not satisfy Hindus?

The Communal Award did not satisfy the Hindus as it sought to disrupt the Hindu community by conceding the right of separate electorates to the Harijans. Mahatma Gandhi undertook, while still in jail, a fast unto death to maintain the unity of the Hindu society. It caused a great commotion in the country, and finally the Hindu and Harijan leaders signed the Poona Pact to modify the Communal Award.


How long did the depressed classes have to vote?

The Depressed Classes were to vote in the General Constituencies as well as their special seats for a period of 20 years – a stipulation which was later modified by the Poona pact (Sept 1932) due to the efforts of Gandhiji. It provided for the absorption of the 71 special depressed class seats into the General Constituencies in lieu of reservation of 148 general seats for the depressed classes to be filled through electoral colleges. The electorate for each special women’s seat was limited to voters from one community.


Why did Ramsay MacDonald announce the Communal Award in 1932?

Ramsay MacDonald announced the Communal Award in 1932. Owing to the repeated failure of the communities to arrive at a concerted decision regarding proportion of representation , the British Govt. announced a scheme of representation in the Provincial Assemblies.


Who was the leader of the Civil Disobedience Movement?

Jawaharlal Nehru, passed a resolution demanding complete independence for India. Mahatma Gandhi started the Civil Disobedience Movement and broke the Salt laws. The historic Dandi March was undertaken by Mahatma Gandhi.


Who was the sole representative of the Congress?

Mahatma Gandhi was nominated as the sole representative of the Congress. The first session laid down the following main principles:-. i) The form of the Constitution would be an all India Federation embracing British Indian Provinces and those States which agreed to join the Federation.


Why did the Indian National Congress not participate in the first round table conference?

Majority of the leaders from the Indian National Congress could not participate in this conference due to Gandhi’s Civil Disobedience movement.


When was the second round table held?

The Second Round Table Conference was held in London from 7 September 1931 to 1 December 1931 with the participation of Gandhi and the Indian National Congress.


What was the difference between the first and second conference?

The major difference between the first and the second conference was that the INC was participating in the second one. This was one of the results of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact. Another difference was that unlike the previous time, British PM Macdonald was heading not a Labour government, but a National government.


Why did the British grant a communal award for representing minorities in India?

The British decided to grant a communal award for representing minorities in India by providing for separate electorates for minority communities. Gandhi was against this.


Did the Labour Party attend the INC?

The INC and the Labour Party decided not to attend it. (The INC wasn’t invited).

image


Overview


First Round Table Conference (November 1930 – January 1931)

The Round Table Conference officially inaugurated by His Majesty George V on November 12, 1930 in Royal Gallery House of Lords at London and chaired by the Prime Minister. Ramsay MacDonald was also chairman of a subcommittee on minority representation, while for the duration his son, Malcolm MacDonald, performed liaison tasks with Lord Sankey’s constitutional committee. One of th…


Third Round Table Conference (November – December 1932)

The third and last session assembled on November 17, 1932. Only forty-six delegates attended since most of the main political figures of India were not present. The Labour Party from Britain and the Indian National Congress refused to attend.
From September 1931 until March 1933, under the supervision of the Secretary of State for India, Sir Samuel Hoare, the proposed reforms took the form reflected in the Government of India Act 1…


Further reading

• Beatty, Michael J.; Behnke, Ralph R.; Banks, Barbara Jane (1979). Elements of dialogic communication in Gandhi’s second round table conference address. pp. 386–398.
• Menon, V. P. (1995). Integration of the Indian States. Orient Longman Ltd.
• Ball, Stuart, ed. (2014). Conservative Politics in National and Imperial Crisis, Letters from Britain to the Viceroy of Indian 1926-1931. Ashgate publishing.


External links

• Golmej Sammelan in Hindi – गोलमेज सम्मलेन (1931-1932)
• 70th Anniversary of Indian Independence – 1931 Indian Round Table Conference- UK Parliament Living Heritage
• Essay on Indian Constitutional Round Table Conferences, London 1931–1933


British India, Indian States and British Delegates


First Round Table Conference


Second Round Table Conference


Communal Award 1932


Third Round Table Conference

  • The Third Round Table Conference was held in London on 17th of November, 1932 to consider the reports of various sub-committees appointed from time to time. It ultimately led to the passage of Govt. of India Act, 1935. Following the publication of Communal Award, the third Session, or “the Pocket” R.T.C. met in London to discuss a fixed agenda in p…

See more on sansarlochan.in

Leave a Comment