Who attended all the three round table conferences

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Dr. B.R.Ambedkar

Who attended all three Round Table Conferences held in London?

Three Round table Conferences were held in London in 1930,1931,1932. Dr.B.R Ambedkar attended all three Round table conference. Gandhi Ji attended second round table Conference. A. By the Company B.

What were the sub-committees of the Third Round Table Conference?

These were Federal Finance (Percy) Committee, Indian Franchise (Lothian) Committee and Indian States Enquiry (Davidson) Committee. The Third Round Table Conference was held in London on 17th of November, 1932 to consider the reports of various sub-committees appointed from time to time.

What were the results of the First Round Table Conference?

The first round table conference was conducted from 12 November 1930 to 19 January 1931. Majority of the leaders from the Indian National Congress could not participate in this conference due to Gandhi’s Civil Disobedience movement. However, the results obtained from the 1st round table conference were minimal.

When and where was the Second Round Table Conference held?

Second Round Table Conference (September 1931- December 1931) The Second Round Table Conference was held in London from 7 September 1931 to 1 December 1931 with the participation of Gandhi and the Indian National Congress. Participants of the Second Round table conference

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Who attended all the three round table conferences from India?

B.R. AmbedkarB.R. Ambedkar fought for the upliftment of down trodden classes who faced discrimination from olden times. He always strived for the betterment of lower castes and he attended all the three round table conferences.


Who is the only one woman who attended all three round table conferences?

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar fought for the upliftment of down trodden classes who faced discrimination from olden times. He always strived for the betterment of lower castes and he was the only person who attended all the three round table conferences.


Who attended 2nd Round Table Conference?

In 1931, Mahatma Gandhi attended the Second Round Table Conference in London to discuss constitutional reform in India.


Who among the following attended the first session of round table conference?

B.R. Ambedkar and Tej Bahadur Sapru attended all three round table conferences.


Why did 2nd round table fail?

The Second Round table conference was failed due to the Communal representation. Hence the correct answer is option ‘A’. Note:This conference was held from 7 September 1931 to 1 December 1931 in London. Before the two weeks of the conference began, the Labour government was replaced by the conservatives.


Why did the first round table conference fail?

Although many principles on reforms were agreed upon, not much was implemented and the Congress Party carried on its civil disobedience. The Conference was regarded as a failure. The British government understood the importance and the need for the Congress Party to make any decision on India’s political future.


Who did not participate in the Second Round Table Conference?

The Second Round Table Conference in November 1931. In this conference 31 delegates including Pyarelal Nayyar, Sarojini Naidu, Annie Besant, Mahadan Mohan Malviya, Mahadev Desai, B.R Ambedkar, participated. But Jawaharlal Nehru did not participate. Hence the correct answer is Jawahar Lal Nehru.


When was the first round table conference held?

November 12, 1930First Round Table Conference / Start date


When was Gandhi Irwin Pact signed?

March 5, 1931Gandhi-Irwin Pact, agreement signed on March 5, 1931, between Mohandas K. Gandhi, leader of the Indian nationalist movement, and Lord Irwin (later Lord Halifax), British viceroy (1926–31) of India.


Which leader rejected first Round Table Conference invite?

MK Gandhi did not attend the first Round table conference as he was leading the civil disobedience movement and Congress decided not to attend it.


When was the Second Round Table Conference held?

September 7, 1931 – December 1, 1931Second Round Table Conference / Period


Which of the following did not participate in the first Round Table Conference?

While the Congress and most business leaders boycotted it, the Muslim League, the Hindu Mahasabha, the Liberals, and princes attended it. Prior to the Conference, M. K. Gandhi had initiated the Civil Disobedience Movement on behalf of the Indian National Congress and did not attend the conference.


When was the Round Table Conference?

The Round Table Conference officially inaugurated by His Majesty George V on November 12, 1930 in Royal Gallery House of Lords at London and chaired by the Prime Minister.


What were the three round tables?

The three Round Table Conferences of 1930–1932 were a series of peace conferences organized by the British Government and Indian political personalities to discuss constitutional reforms in India. These started in November 1930 and ended in December 1932.


How many delegates were there at the 3rd Congress?

The third and last session assembled on November 17, 1932. Only forty-six delegates attended since most of the main political figures of India were not present. The Labour Party from Britain and the Indian National Congress refused to attend.


Who was Gandhi’s representative?

Gandhi was invited from India and attended as the sole official Congress representative accompanied by Sarojini Naidu and also Madan Mohan Malaviya, Ghanshyam Das Birla, Muhammad Iqbal, Sir Mirza Ismail ( Diwan of Mysore ), S.K. Dutta and Sir Syed Ali Imam.


Who was the leading Liberal on the committee?

One of the foremost advisers was Sir Malcolm Hailey, an Indian civil servant with thirty years experience. The leading Liberal on the committee, Lord Reading was “well aware of the troubles which might arise if an when India became independent.”.


Who was the second round table?

Second Round Table Conference (September 1931 – December 1931) The Congress, which had killed and boycotted the first conference, was requested to come to a settlement by Sapru, M. R. Jayakar and V. S. Srinivasa Sastri.


What was the culmination of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact?

The culmination of events were settled by the Gandhi–Irwin Pact (1931). A chastised Gandhi wanted the peaceful end to civil disobedience demanded by the Viceroy and his Council. Lord Irwin was triumphant but the Simon Commission had failed to gauge the determination of Indian opinion to ultimately bring independence.


When did the Round Table Conferences take place?

On 31st October, 1929 , the Viceroy announced the intention of His Majesty’s Government to hold a Round Table Conferences after the publication of Simon Report, to elicit the opinion of Indian representatives concerning constitutional advance.


What was the purpose of the Third Round Table Conference?

The Third Round Table Conference was held in London on 17th of November, 1932 to consider the reports of various sub-committees appointed from time to time. It ultimately led to the passage of Govt. of India Act, 1935 . Following the publication of Communal Award, the third Session, or “the Pocket” R.T.C. met in London to discuss a fixed agenda in private. It was smaller and more informal than the previous ones. The Congress did not participate as most of the leaders were in jail.


Why did Ramsay MacDonald announce the Communal Award in 1932?

Ramsay MacDonald announced the Communal Award in 1932. Owing to the repeated failure of the communities to arrive at a concerted decision regarding proportion of representation , the British Govt. announced a scheme of representation in the Provincial Assemblies.


Who was the leader of the Civil Disobedience Movement?

Jawaharlal Nehru, passed a resolution demanding complete independence for India. Mahatma Gandhi started the Civil Disobedience Movement and broke the Salt laws. The historic Dandi March was undertaken by Mahatma Gandhi.


Who was the sole representative of the Congress?

Mahatma Gandhi was nominated as the sole representative of the Congress. The first session laid down the following main principles:-. i) The form of the Constitution would be an all India Federation embracing British Indian Provinces and those States which agreed to join the Federation.


Who was the leader of the Congress in 1931?

In March 1931, Mahatma Gandhi and Lord Irwin (Viceroy of India 1926-31) entered into a Pact, called Gandhi-Irwin Pact, by which the Congress called off the Civil Disobedience Movement and agreed to participate in the Round Table Conference in London. Mahatma Gandhi was nominated as the sole representative of the Congress.


Who was the British prime minister who rescinded the Civil Disobedience Movement?

The matter was left to the final arbitration of the British Prime Minister, Ramsay MacDonald. Mahatma Gandhi, immediately after his return from London, in the beginning revived the Civil Disobedience Movement. The Government suppressed the movement, and jailed Gandhiji, and many responsible Congress leaders.


Why did the Indian National Congress not participate in the first round table conference?

Majority of the leaders from the Indian National Congress could not participate in this conference due to Gandhi’s Civil Disobedience movement.


When was the second round table held?

The Second Round Table Conference was held in London from 7 September 1931 to 1 December 1931 with the participation of Gandhi and the Indian National Congress.


What was the difference between the first and second conference?

The major difference between the first and the second conference was that the INC was participating in the second one. This was one of the results of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact. Another difference was that unlike the previous time, British PM Macdonald was heading not a Labour government, but a National government.


What party was toppled by Gandhi?

The Labour Party had been toppled two weeks before in Britain. The British decided to grant a communal award for representing minorities in India by providing for separate electorates for minority communities. Gandhi was against this.

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Overview


First Round Table Conference (November 1930 – January 1931)

The Round Table Conference officially inaugurated by His Majesty George V on November 12, 1930 in Royal Gallery House of Lords at London and chaired by the Prime Minister. Ramsay MacDonald was also chairman of a subcommittee on minority representation, while for the duration his son, Malcolm MacDonald, performed liaison tasks with Lord Sankey’s constitutional committee. One of th…


Third Round Table Conference (November – December 1932)

The third and last session assembled on November 17, 1932. Only forty-six delegates attended since most of the main political figures of India were not present. The Labour Party from Britain and the Indian National Congress refused to attend.
From September 1931 until March 1933, under the supervision of the Secretary of State for India, Sir Samuel Hoare, the proposed reforms took the form reflected in the Government of India Act 1…


Further reading

• Beatty, Michael J.; Behnke, Ralph R.; Banks, Barbara Jane (1979). Elements of dialogic communication in Gandhi’s second round table conference address. pp. 386–398.
• Menon, V. P. (1995). Integration of the Indian States. Orient Longman Ltd.
• Ball, Stuart, ed. (2014). Conservative Politics in National and Imperial Crisis, Letters from Britain to the Viceroy of Indian 1926-1931. Ashgate publishing.


External links

• Golmej Sammelan in Hindi – गोलमेज सम्मलेन (1931-1932)
• 70th Anniversary of Indian Independence – 1931 Indian Round Table Conference- UK Parliament Living Heritage
• Essay on Indian Constitutional Round Table Conferences, London 1931–1933


British India, Indian States and British Delegates

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The Delegation included 57 members from British India, 16 from Indian States and 13 from British political parties, notable among them being: – i) British India– H.H. Agha Khan, Nawab Sir Abdul Oayum Khan, Sir C.P. Ramaswami Iyer, U.Ba.Pe, Mr. Chintamani, Sir T.B. Sapru, Maulana Mohd. Ali, the Nawab of Chhattari, Mr. Jayak…

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First Round Table Conference

  • The First Round Table Conference was held in London on Nov. 12, 1930 but the Congress did not participate in it. In March 1931, Mahatma Gandhi and Lord Irwin (Viceroy of India 1926-31) entered into a Pact, called Gandhi-Irwin Pact, by which the Congress called off the Civil Disobedience Movement and agreed to participate in the Round Table Conference in London. M…

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Second Round Table Conference

  • The Second Round Table Conference was held in London on 7th of September, 1931 but nothing was finally decided, as the various communities of India could not come to an understanding regarding the distribution of seats on communal basis in the Provincial and Central Legislatures. The matter was left to the final arbitration of the British Prime Minister, Ramsay MacDonald. Ma…

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Communal Award 1932

  • Ramsay MacDonald announced the Communal Award in 1932. Owing to the repeated failure of the communities to arrive at a concerted decision regarding proportion of representation, the British Govt. announced a scheme of representation in the Provincial Assemblies. The Communal Award distributed seats as under:- General 705, Depressed Class 71, Backward Areas 20, Sikhs …

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Third Round Table Conference

  • The Third Round Table Conference was held in London on 17th of November, 1932 to consider the reports of various sub-committees appointed from time to time. It ultimately led to the passage of Govt. of India Act, 1935. Following the publication of Communal Award, the third Session, or “the Pocket” R.T.C. met in London to discuss a fixed agenda in private. It was smalle…

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